How does the media influence public opinion?

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Influences are things that can affect the development or behavior of someone or something towards someone or something. As individuals right from infancy to adulthood, there have always been factors, people, and situations that influence our lives and decisions. Public opinion on one hand can be generally considered to be the collective opinion on a specified topic or voting relevant to the society at large. It is used to calculate what the public thinks about a particular issue. While the media on the other side is a means of having communications with the masses through broadcasting, the Internet, and publishing. Media influences can be described as the social, cultural, and psychological impact of disseminating information via the mass media. The media is widespread, so its influence knows no bounds. Media includes newspapers, opinion websites, radio, television, emails, social media, and all. These forms of media are significant in confirming attitudes and views that are already established. Media influences can be described as the social, cultural, and psychological impact of disseminating information via the mass media. Media influence on public opinion is the effect that is caused by a media message which leads to a change in individuals’ beliefs. 

With the latest addition of cancel culture into the media today, the influence of mass media on public opinion is stronger than ever. One bad article, leaked secret, a wrong statement in public, could be the end of your career as a public figure.  One bad article, leaked secret, a wrong statement in public, could be the end of your career as a public figure. The influence of the media has an ever-growing impact on many facets of human life, which can involve voting an exact way, individual beliefs, and views, or biasing a person’s knowledge of a particular topic due to false information. 

The general influence of mass media has risen dramatically over the years and will continue to do so as the media itself improves. The development of media as the years goes by, strengthens media criticism and its influences. The effects of media on public opinion can be measured with many factors including audience demographics, psychology, and so on. The influence of the media on public opinions can be negative as well as positive. It can also be abrupt or gradual, the effects could also last for a long term or a short term. Not all the influences of social media result in a change. Media also notifies individuals about what other people think of them through the use of online links and platforms, the media makes it possible for public opinion to encompass large a lot of individuals & wide geographic areas. It has been suggested that in some European countries the growth of broadcasting, especially television, affected the operation of the parliamentary system. Before the invention of the television, national elections were seen mainly as contests between a number of candidates or parties for parliamentary seats. As the electronic media became more sophisticated technologically, elections increasingly inferred the appearance of a personal struggle between the leaders of the principal parties concerned. 

How Much Caffeine in Green Tea vs Coffee

white ceramic mug with brown liquid

Getting up early in the morning to prepare for the day is a drag. You want to sleep in and you are tempted to hit the snooze button on your alarm, but that means you get to work late, skip the gym or end up not achieving what you planned out for the day. 

Most people resort to caffeine to snap out of this tiredness and laziness to start the day. Caffeine is known as the world’s most consumed psychoactive drug. Caffeine is a legal and unregulated psychoactive substance in nearly all parts of the world. This means that access to it is easy. It is also a natural stimulant that can be found in tea, cocoa plants, and coffees. The work of caffeine is to stimulate the central nervous system and the brain. Millions of people consume this substance in the form of teas and coffees to increase their wakefulness, mindset, alleviate their fatigue and improve their health. However, the United States has stated that 85% of the adult population consumes caffeine regularly on a rough daily average that equals two cups of coffee. This is the reason why coffee shops and the tea business can never go out of business. Caffeine is an important ingredient in the making of both coffee and tea; especially green tea. Now, as a consumer, you might be wondering just how much caffeine is included in your favorite green tea or that cup of cappuccino coffee you love so much. How many cups do you finish in a day?

According to research, tea is the most frequently ingested beverage after water of course. Coffee is also very popular but not as easy to make. People have different tastes and preferences which is why some people take green tea and some prefer coffee. Coffee can be made by brewing roasted beans, while green tea can be made by steeping the unfermented leaves of a tea plant. They each have benefits and downsides to them. Coffee and tea are the most predominant sources of caffeine in an individual’s diet, however, a cup of coffee provides more than three times the amount of caffeine in green tea.

Caffeine has lots of benefits to the appropriate use of it. Caffeine is one of the most studied substances, as a result of its several beneficial health effects. These include increased energy levels, alertness, attention, and wakefulness, lowered mental and physical fatigue, quickened reaction times, better accuracy

Increased exercise performance, improved memory, and mood. It has also been suggested with evidence that caffeine has protective effects on brain health thus reducing the risk of dementia and other degenerative diseases. Green tea and coffee have various health benefits in common, including their high antioxidant content and weight loss effects. 

Too much caffeine also has its side effects but you need not be scared if you are not abusing it. For your safe consumption and benefit, according to research, intakes of 400 mg of caffeine per day are considered safe for adults. However, the recommended limit reduces to 100 mg per day for teenagers and 2.5 mg/kg per day for children. 

TOO HOT TO SLEEP? TRY A COOLING BLANKET

shallow focus photography of cat under textile

You must have known about the heating blanket to keep warm in cold weather, a kind of technology that increases the temperature of your body when you need it. But have you ever had a cool blanket, if you haven’t heard of it then you are missing, its purpose it’s to reduce the temperature of the body in the hot season, it is very good to use when you want to sleep, the cooling blanket uses an advance cooling system and some special fabrics?

The cooling blanket was invented by NASA to keep the astronauts cool when they are traveling through high-temperature areas, the cool blankets have a long history in terms of technical evolution. To see how the cooling blanket works, have to know why our body gets hot while sleeping.

During the period of sleeping our bodies releases heat that is later transferred into our mattress and bedsheets. The mattresses and bedsheets trap the heat instead of releasing it into the atmosphere, which will lead to the turning on the bed to get comfortable, the cooling blanket helps to make your sleep much better. The cooling blanket has a special fabric that gets rid of moisture. The cooling blankets come in two kinds.

The first type of cooling blankets thermoregulating fabrics which are instruments that play a role to reduce heat. They perform this function by wicking the moisture away from the surface of your body, reducing the body temperature, and improving sleep. The thermoregulating fabrics that are found in cooling blankets are mostly cotton, acrylic, wool, and polyester. Sometimes it comes in bamboo fabric. They are light, breathable, and have a combination of some cooling properties. 

The heat-conducting technology is another type of cooling blankets system, it works by transferring a hot object to a cold object. There are different kinds of methods that are used for the conduction of heat like phase change materials, the use of gels, weighted blankets that are filled with beads or rice, or air cooling blankets that use electricity. 

If you want to get a cooling blanket, best you get the lightweight one, that absorbs moisture very well that contains the best of fabrics materials. Proper care should be taken when taking care of the blankets and the heat is getting high try to get a cooling blanket to get your good night’s sleep.

Here are some kinds of cooling blankets you can get like the true temp blanket with the cotton fabric, ultra-soft flannel fleece blanket it is had this super lightweight weight and it comes in different sizes and so many more.

How Might Opinion Polls Negatively Affect Voter behaviors?

Opinion polls can be defined as a method of collecting and gathering information about the views and beliefs of a group of people. Opinion polls are designed to represent the sentiments of a group by carrying out a series of questions and generalizing in ratio or within confidence intervals. The information gotten from opinion polls can be used to shed light on and allow conclusions to be drawn about certain characteristics of a larger population. Political opinion polls, therefore, mean the standardized series of political questions that are asked and analyzed to draw a conclusion on the topic and have an idea of the view of the public.

Voter behavior on the other hand is a form of electoral behavior. Voting behavior in simple terms is the different ways in which people tend to vote. Voter behavior can explain why certain decisions were made by the public decision-makers and how these decisions come about. Voter behavior has been a source of concern for political scientists, politicians, and the electoral body.

Opinion polls become an important part of analyzing voter behavior as they can help to understand why people make their political decisions such as why they vote for different political parties. Voting behavior is not only limited to opinion polls. It can also be a result of long and short-term influences including social class, gender, race, culture, religion, housing, governing party, the image of the party leaders, war or economic crises, and so on.

Quite a number of opinion polls are published during election campaigns. The influence of opinion polls on the behavior & decisions of the voter is a complicated matter. This is owing to the fact that the accuracy of the polls has been questioned and is now a subject of contentious debate.

While political opinion polls are not the exact reflection of the public’s opinions it does not mean that it has no effect on the decision-making process of the voters.

Political opinion polls can negatively affect voters’ behavior because it is capable of swaying voters’ opinions on some issues, it can also motivate them not to vote, voters’ views on candidates can also be influenced and the polls can persuade people to view particular issues and candidates.  

 Different variables at work can negatively affect the process of an election. There are two types of effects when it comes to political opinion polls which are contagion and bandwagon effects. 

The bandwagon effect

The bandwagon effect is regarded as the situation where voters who think a particular political party will win end up switching their votes for that party or candidate during elections. It can also be argued that despite inclining who will win the election, voters might not change their votes. The impression of the social and media environments on who is going to win the election is a greater influence on the bandwagon effect. To eliminate this effect, countries like India and Australia have laws regulating political polls during elections because of the fear that political opinion polls during active elections can tilt the democratic process.

The Contagion Effect

The Contagion effect and strategic voting are intertwined. Strategic voting is a form of voting effect that is motivated by the intention of the voters to affect which party and candidates will win the election. Contagion is the move of voters to the view of the perceived majority. Voters are known to switch sides to feel accepted and a part of the winning team. Voters also search for the wisdom of the crowd when they analyze poll results because they value the opinion of experts more than that of their peers.

Pros and cons of working from home against working in the office

girl in white and black shirt holding baby in white onesie

With the outbreak of the covid 19 pandemic the way we worked has changed. The coronavirus made  companies all over the world to send their employees to work virtually from home. Working from home has given some employers the flexibility they require to continue their business activity while at the same time prioritizing the health and well-being of workers and customers as well as also fulfilling their public health responsibility. The recurring question during the coronavirus pandemic was if workers can or cannot work from home.

Before the coronavirus outbreak, working from home was already on the increase and building momentum. Many individuals, workers, and employees started identifying the benefits it can bring to business and how it improves their work-life balance.

In the meantime, the benefits and disadvantages of working from home have become clear. So Whether you are on the hunt for a remote job or you have already started working virtually, you can examine this list of the pros and cons of working from home to working from the office. The pros of working from home include; 

Better Work-Life Balance

When people work from home, they have flexible schedules because they get to choose their work hours meaning that they can start and end their day however they choose as long as they get their work done effectively. This is an invaluable advantage especially when it comes to attending to the needs of your personal life. Tasks like dropping off the kids at school, running some errands, attending a fitness class, being around for a contractor to fix things and more become easier to manage when you work from home.

Reduced Commuting stress

People spend almost an hour on average every day commuting to and from work. Commuters spend about 100 hours commuting and 41 hours of their lives stuck in traffic annually according to the Auto Insurance Center. The case is worse for other commuters. The possibility of saving time is one of the benefits of working from home. Commuting has been associated with increased levels of stress, anxiety, and health issues like higher cholesterol elevated blood sugar levels, and so on. Eliminating this process helps mental and physical health. This time can be used to do other things outside of work like getting a healthy breakfast, spending more time with the family, getting extra sleep, or even working out.

Saving Money and Improved Inclusivity.

One of the benefits of working from home is the ability to work from anywhere all over the world, the absence of being physically present in the workplace has given room to more inclusivity and allowed different people from different countries access to work. People from different geographical, cultural backgrounds, socioeconomic statuses can all work together and embrace diversity.  Also working from home helps to save on expenses like gas, car maintenance, transportation, parking fees, wardrobe expenses, buying lunches, etc. Working from home puts more money back in your pocket.

Even though we love having zoom meetings in our pajama pants, working from home has its drawbacks. Here are some of the cons of not working in the office.

The lack of difference between work and leisure time.

Working from home can blur the professional and personal lives of workers. Most people find themselves working around the clock and having little to no time for personal relaxation that office workers often take for granted.

Misreading of Cues

Another downside to working from home as opposed to working in the office is the fact that it is easy to misread cues such as body language, facial expressions, and others via electronic communications. Working from home requires additional effort to maintain positive interactions.

How to Fix a Scratch on Your Record

close up photography of black turntable

If you’re a record enthusiast that’s part of a vinyl club or simply inherited some records from family or friends, they’re bound to get scratches. Specifically, when your favorite vinyl record starts to show its age with scratches, it can really be a bummer.

But there’s no need to fret. You don’t have to get rid of the album – or even stop listening to it. With a little elbow grease and some toothpaste, those pesky scratches can be fixed in just a few minutes and your listening experience improved.

To start, gather some toothpaste and a cloth. Put the toothpaste on the cloth and rub it into the scratch in circular motions.

Make sure to cover the entire area of the scratch. After a few minutes, take a clean cloth and wipe off the toothpaste.

Test out your record to see if the scratch is gone! If it’s not completely gone, repeat the process until it is. It may take a few times, but it’s possible to get your record back into great playing shape again.

Fixing a scratched record can be annoying, but it’s definitely worth it for improved sound quality. With just a few minutes of your time, you can have your record sounding like new again.

Why social media is toxic to your health

person holding black iphone 4

In today’s world, almost everyone including children owns or has access to smartphones. Many people in the world today live with their smartphones as their virtual companions. These smart devices give people access to electronic social media platforms where they can alerts, information, and updates about their friends, celebrities, family, events, news, and global activities. Social media is therefore an integrated part of people’s daily lives.

Social media are interactive technologies that facilitate the sharing of thoughts, ideas, the creating and sharing of information, and other forms of expression through virtual networks and communities. Social media is at its core a powerful means of communication that has changed how people interact with one another. People can now share and exchange information, ideas, thoughts through virtual networks with speed. In the united states, 72% of people use social media according to the Pew Research Center.

Just like the computer age, social media is a new age. Popular social media platforms include Instagram, Twitter, WhatsApp, Facebook, Tinder, YouTube, etc.

As good as it is, the use of social media also has some downsides to it. Some evidence has implied that the use of social media, its overuse in particular can negatively impact our health in numerous ways. Social media has been associated with depression, anxiety, isolation, low self-esteem, immune issues, flu, and cold. The frequent use of Social media can lead to low quality of sleep and harmful screen time that can wear down the immune system. A Common Sense survey conducted in 2015 found out that teenagers may spend as much as 9 hours online in a day. Social Media has been criticized a lot for reports connecting its use to health consequences. Research has shown that people that spend long hours on the internet experience greater deprivation of sleep, develop worse eating habits and less healthy diets, and do not engage in many exercises. These behaviors pose a threat to their immune system and increase their vulnerability to illnesses and deficiencies. It has been said that those who spend a long time on the internet experience reduced immune function because they are not coming in contact with other people and their germs. The cycle of stress and relief associated with the internet may lead to a reduced level of cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone that impacts the functions of the immune system.

The immune system is very important in the human body. It is responsible for fighting against germs and diseases. A compromised immune system is a compromised health. Which is why it needs to be catered for. An easy way to make sure your immune system is not compromised is by making sure that you take vitamins especially vitamin C.  Vitamin C is an antioxidant that protects against oxidative cellular damage that causes people to age prematurely. A great recommendation of a vitamin C source is the Liposomal Vitamin C Sunflower Formula. It embodies a formula that gives you a healthier heart free from heart disease and stroke, tighter skins, stronger bones, improves your energy, while also improving your immunity as well as reducing your stress hormones quickly and effectively without the uncomfortable side effects or digestive complaints.
Be a responsible adult and Improve your immune system while frequenting social media by using just 5ml of Liposomal Vitamin C Sunflower Formula with water or juice or as recommended by a healthcare professional. Eliminate the toxicity social media brings to your health.

Our Picks for Funniest Comedians

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Suppose you used to think the best type of comedy was an earnest, thought-provoking drama in which a bunch of high-powered actors delivers Oscar-worthy performances while depicting what it’s like to grow up African American in 20th century California or some such thing. In that case, you need to get reacquainted with funny. So for this post, we wanted to share a few of our favorite comedians with you.

This list is in no particular order.

Louis C.K

Louis C.K.’s humor is wide-ranging and edgy, and he doesn’t let anyone get away with it.

That has led him to be a controversial figure among comedy fans, many of whom have criticized his material, saying it’s offensive, sexist, and homophobic.

But just because Louis C.K.’s humor is unusual doesn’t mean it’s not funny.

People who don’t like it are probably not his target audience.

Louis C.K.’s comedy is perfect for a particular audience — people who don’t like the typical comedy on offer.

Trevor Noah

The greatest comedian of his era, Trevor Noah, is the most sought-after comic in the world. The Daily Show with Trevor Noah has become the hottest show late-night. Noah himself has emerged as one of the most brilliant, original, and hilarious standups working today.

Noah first burst onto the scene in his native South Africa, where he hosted his late-night talk show, Trevor Noah’s Daily Show, on Comedy Central. The Daily Show with Trevor Noah quickly attracted a huge following. Noah was named one of Variety’s 10 Comics to Watch in 2013. His debut standup special, Trevor Noah: Lost in Translation, received rave reviews and was named one of the 10 Best Standups of 2013 by Time Magazine. Noah has since continued to build on his rapid success, touring the world and selling out shows at Hollywood’s iconic Laugh Factory while receiving countless standing ovations. Noah’s comedy is distinctly South African — raw, politically incorrect, and brutally honest, but with a universal appeal. His stories always deal with identity, politics, and the absurdities of everyday life.

Sarah Silverman

Sarah Silverman, the comedian who famously said, “I like making people laugh. It’s a great way to get them to open up and feel comfortable,” has a fairly impressive resume. She won a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in a Children’s Special at age 13. She started on Saturday Night Live, where she shared the stage with Tina Fey and Amy Poehler. Silverman’s comedy about sex, gender, and politics has always been frank and unapologetic, and it’s made her one of the most outspoken comics of her generation.

Kevin Hart

In the ten years since Hart exploded onto the comedy scene, he’s been compared to everyone from Eddie Murphy to Steve Harvey to Richard Pryor. But none of those comparisons capture what makes him so uniquely hilarious. Hart’s comedy comes from his genuineness. Many of the jokes in his act are subtle, clever, and self-deprecating. They reflect his comfortable, easy-on-the-eyes persona — a 6-foot-tall, 225-pound black man with buttery-smooth skin, broad shoulders, and slicked-back hair. That’s not to say that Hart gives his comedy a “big brother” vibe. He’s not some meek, submissive character who’s always apologizing for being who he is. Instead, Hart’s comedy reflects his confidence, his self-assuredness, and his refusal to ever apologize for who he is. With a laugh like that, it’s no wonder that he’s become one of the most successful comedians of his generation. But it’s not just Hart’s comedy that’s made him so successful. He’s also become one of the most bankable actors in Hollywood, even though his claim to fame isn’t acting but his comedy.

Conclusion

If you are looking to laugh until you cry or laugh until you pee your pants, the comedian list below should have the perfect comedian for you. From comedians like Louis C.K, Trevor Noah, Sarah Silverman, and Kevin Hart, you can be assured these comedians will have you laughing hard.

Why Mental Health Should Not Be Taught in Schools

boy in black hoodie sitting on chair

I am of the opinion that Mental health should not be taught in schools. This is not an ‘anti-psychiatry statement or an attempt to persuade you not to seek psychiatric help. It’s simply a reflection that responsibility for mental health is best placed with the recipient. This responsibility does not extend to relieving patients of their freedom, which will ultimately be theirs only if they are mentally competent.

It seems evident that people without good mental health can’t do as good a job at their jobs as people with healthy minds. But it’s far from obvious why. If doctors had known that depression causes so many physical problems, they would have paid more attention to it before it became fashionable to ignore it. The correlation between mental and physical health is too vague to be predictable. That means it’s not something schools can teach. In medicine, you can’t tell a patient’s symptoms from her diagnosis. The only reliable way of predicting whether a patient will respond well to treatment is to ask her. However, many doctors are so focused on getting the diagnosis right that they don’t ask about the problem. Schools don’t have the luxury of asking. If they did, they might find that people’s mental problems stem not just from a lack of medication but a mismatch between their jobs and their abilities. If schools could work out what people need, then they could teach them that. But they can’t because diagnosing mental problems is difficult.

Most teachers aren’t trained to do therapy. The great majority of teachers are not trained to do therapy. A therapist must be trained in various ways, including introductory psychology, effective communication, listening to and understanding others, and an ability to empathize. Most teachers, however, usually need help to do some of these things.

Teachers are first and foremost observers. They observe students’ behavior and reactions, and then they interpret those reactions. Teachers are not trained to make inferences about people’s inner lives. Thus, when a student seems to have a problem, the teacher often assumes that the student knows and feels what the teacher thinks the student knows and feels. Because of that, teachers often don’t recognize when a student is hurt or upset. Even experienced teachers sometimes seem surprised when a student comes up to them and says, “I feel foolish, and I don’t know why.”

Once a student finally tells a teacher what the teacher thought the student was feeling, the teacher usually feels relieved. With luck, the teacher will then say, “Oh, that’s okay. Let’s go sit somewhere and talk.” But the teacher doesn’t usually say, “Don’t be silly. Don’t you know why you feel stupid? Because you don’t understand.”

Conclusion:

Mental health shouldn’t be taught in schools, but it’s commendable that schools explore ways to help students’ mental health.

However, it’s not their place to teach mental health any more than to teach chemistry or music. The most valuable education we can offer our children is to teach them how to reason, how to think critically, how to understand people and situations, how to communicate effectively, how to explore ideas, and how to express themselves.

Mental health are personal matter and should be treated as such. Suppose students are genuinely interested in learning how to improve their emotional well-being and mental strength. In that case, it’s a good thing to explore. But schools shouldn’t be teaching it. Instead, schools should focus on teaching skills that can be readily applied to life, whether you’re on a sales call or dealing with a demanding customer.

That said, schools could offer mental health courses for interested students or offer extracurricular programs that focus on developing emotional well-being. These aren’t just feel-good classes, either. Properly developed, they can help children develop resilience, empathy, and problem-solving skills, which are valuable in business.

But students should be the ones to choose whether they want to participate, and teachers should respect their choices. And, of course, if a student is struggling with mental health issues, involving them in such programs could be counterproductive. However, suppose any school truly wants to help students develop their skills to lead happy, productive lives. In that case, it should be offering mental health classes.

Why Avoid Taking Vitamin C at Night

orange fruit with white round fruits

Introduction

There are many vitamins and you will find on the internet alongside their uses. One vitamin, in particular: Vitamin C. This vitamin is touted for its ability to help build your immune system and assist promote better health, among many other benefits. Vitamin C is great when taken in the proper doses at the appropriate times. However, taking Vitamin C at night can cause serious side effects that may do more harm than good. This article you are about to read is a brief guide on why you avoid taking vitamin C at night.

One of the big questions in nutrition is whether taking vitamin C at night is more effective than taking it during the day. Vitamin C is the most widely taken supplements around the world. Taking vitamin C supplements in the morning can strengthen your immune system. However, the same study that tells us that vitamin C supplements can help strengthen your immune system also tells us that taking vitamin C supplements at night can have the opposite effect.

In one study of 1,100 people, researchers gave one group 500 mg of vitamin C twice a day and another group the same amount of vitamin C supplements at night. The researchers found that people taking vitamin C supplements at night had a 75 percent lower immune system than those who took vitamin C supplements in the morning.

What’s more, people who took vitamin C supplements at night had higher levels of vitamin C in their saliva than those who took them in the morning. That’s because people who took vitamin C supplements at night had less of an enzyme called carboxylesterase, which breaks down vitamin C into inactive forms.

The researchers suggested that vitamin C supplements at night might be less effective than vitamin C supplements in the morning.

Vitamin C supplements only contain a small amount of vitamin C, so taking large amounts can have side effects. For example, vitamin C supplements might cause diarrhea, constipation, nausea, stomach pain, and heartburn. If you’re taking a multivitamin that contains vitamin C, you need to take a vitamin C supplement separately. Take vitamin C supplements at night. Your body may break down vitamin C more efficiently, so you might end up taking more vitamin C than you would if you take them in the morning. Taking vitamin C supplements at night might also increase your risk of kidney stones.

Several studies show that taking vitamin C supplements at night may lower the amount of melatonin in the body in the morning. Melatonin helps regulate your sleep-wake cycle.

Melatonin is a hormone secreted primarily in the brain. It promotes sleep and also suppresses the secretion of the hormone cortisol. The hormone Cortisol is released by the adrenal glands in response to stress and can disrupt sleep. Melatonin is known to play a significant role in sleep and wakefulness. It affects the activity of several parts of the brain.

Conclusion

Avoid taking vitamin C at night. Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, so, just like water, your body can flush it out. Your body needs to flush out the vitamin C to absorb it.

Flushing out vitamin C at night leaves you without that extra vitamin C that you would have acquired during the day. And, you miss out on the vitamin C that your body makes from foods you eat during the day.